words with prefix co and hyphen

Use hyphens to connect certain prefixes to nouns. Many words beginning with a prefix are written with a hyphen (co-payment); many are not (overproduction).Confusingly, there are also cases where both forms are considered acceptable (British: pre-school / American: preschool).As can be seen from this last example, the tendency in American English is to hyphenate less than in British English. All words formed with ‘ex-’, meaning ‘former’, are hyphenated. Co-worker, co-pilot, co-operation; Ex-president, ex-boyfriend; Extra-terrestrial; Post-mortem, post-natal; Pre-intermediate; Sub-category Hyphens also have certain technical uses, such as indicating a range of numbers or combining multiple sets of numbers together into a single unit (as is often done with telephone numbers). 0. 462. comorbidity, coincidence, coalesce, coercion. Use a hyphen after a prefix when an unhyphenated word would have a different meaning. A hyphen is used in some words with prefixes to distinguish them from words that would otherwise look the same. The prefixes “in-,” “un-,” “non-,” and “anti-” generally pair up with certain Latin derivatives, and form words like “indescribable,” “nonchalant,” and “antihero.” 2. You need a hyphen when writing out numbers twenty-one and ninety-nine, and everything between. well-known man. A prefix attached to a common word usually becomes part of the word, so that the combination is written as one word. In addition, usage calls for hyphenation between a prefix and a capitalized … prearrange or cooperate). A hyphen joins two or more words together while a dash separates words into parenthetical statements. All words formed with ‘ex-’, meaning ‘former’, are hyphenated. meta-analysis; anti-intellectual; co-occur (We do not use a hyphen because re-does not mean again. If you are writing a paper for a class and a particular style guide is used, such as MLA, the Chicago Manual of Style, or APA, the stylebook may have a hyphenation guide or a preferred dictionary to follow for which words to hyphenate and which to close up. For example: Purchase College State University of New York, Hyphenation and Words Formed with Prefixes. Compounds are also frequently hyphenated in compound adjectives like "funny-looking" or "sun-bleached," but are typically left open when the first element is an adverb, as in "lightly salted peanuts." Non-hyphenated is an example of a hyphenated word. Example: operate becomes co-operate. 5. A prefix is a collection of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to modify its meaning. Hyphens Generally, hyphens are used to join two words or parts of words together while avoiding confusion or A full list of prefixes (and suffixes) to which this rule applies appears in Table 4.2 of the Publication Manual. where a hyphen is necessary to avoid confusion. Incorrect: selfpropelled ex-treme (Prefix self-needs hyphen. 5. A list of words that start with Co (words with the prefix Co). Hyphens are typically used in compound modifiers that precede a noun: a late-day rally, a full-time job, a come-what-may attitude. Now, hyphens are the exception, as detailed in the following list, which also provides simple definitions. Most prefixed words can be written with or without a hyphen after the prefix. The prefix re can make hyphenating even more of a head-scratching experience. Name: Date: Prefixes with hyphens. For example: 1. co-ordinate 2. re-enter 3. de-ice defrost . Words formed with prefixes are normally closed (no hyphen). Prefix co-The prefix co- means together, jointly, or mutually, and it is used with various nouns, adjectives, or verbs. In the above examples, the prefix ends with a vowel and the root word begins with a vowel, so using a hyphen makes the new word easier to read. Anti-trash and Pro-turtle Alliances Worked Together to Clean the Park. Some common examples are presented next. Hyphens are not used when the compound modifier preceding a noun: Compound modifiers containing the word more, most, less, least, or very are also usually open (no hyphen) unless one is needed to avoid ambiguity: a more thorough exam; the most efficient method; a less prolific artist; the least understood approach; a very much needed addition; but: the lesser-paid colleague. Prefixes are added to the beginning of an existing word to create a new word with a different meaning. Prefixes are not usually words in their own right. PREFIXES . In most scientific and technical styles, the following prefixes are usually followed by a hyphen: all- ex- half- quasi- self- hex- However, scientific and technical writing styles omit the hyphen between most prefixes, especially prefixes that are not words themselves. What is a prefix? When such compounds follow the noun they modify, hyphenation is usually unnecessary. Sometimes, however, a hyphen (-) is used to join prefixes to words, for example:. … Hyphens in Prefixes A prefix is a half word (e.g., anti-, ex-, post-, pre-) placed before a word to modify its meaning. 210-pound bait. Some words with prefixes are hyphenated and other words with the same prefix aren't. A prefix affects a word, not a phrase. Use a hyphen after a prefix followed by a proper noun or proper adjective. “Co-opt” is the preferred form because, as AP puts it, “a hyphen is used if a prefix ends in a vowel and the word that follows begins with the same vowel.” Chicago agrees. co-operate), which is omitted in informal American English (e.g. Exception 2: Hyphenated Words Beginning with Single Letters in Titles and … dislike, rearrange, unnecessary. The president of the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors. inter-Use a hyphen for compounds that are not used commonly. For the most part, compounds formed from a prefix and a word are usually written solid (superhero). Another example: The … a-a: meta … Anti-trash and Pro-turtle Alliances Worked Together to Clean the Park. We search a large scrabble dictionary for scrabble words starting with hyphen - we take the letter or word you enter, and generate all words starting with Hyphen. The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. Sometimes you hyphenate a word because the non-hyphenated form, though regular, would look odd. A compound word is a word that is made up of two or more other words. When a prefix ends with the same letter that the base words begins with, a hyphen is normally used. How to De-stress in Five Steps. Thus most people put a hyphen after the prefix co in "co-operative", because "cooperative" seems to relate either to chickens or barrels. Examples: mid-June pre-Columbian Afro-American Use a hyphen in words beginning with the prefixes all-, ex- (meaning "former"), and self-and in words ending with the suffix -elect.. Many writers choose to add a hyphen when the last letter of the prefix and the first letter of the root are both vowels (especially when they are the same letter) so as to avoid creating a word that is difficult or confusing … re-pair [pair again] re-form [form again] un-ionized; Words in which the prefix ends and the base word begins with the same vowel. Multiple vowels. co-A hyphen can be used as an aid to reading if the following word starts with a vowel. To join a prefix to a word (e.g., "re-examine"). (Chicago Manual 7.80). In these cases, we can use a hyphen between the prefix and the stem word to clarify the meaning of the new word. The president of the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors. Example non-XML. Do you disagree with something on this page. If the hyphenated word in your title or heading starts with a prefix that isn’t a standalone word (e.g., pre, non, de), lowercase the second word. He is knowledgeable in thirteenth-century politics. ... Hyphen with Prefixes: Ex-, Self-, All-Use a hyphen with the prefix ex- (meaning … Examples: Cohabitation, coauthor, copilot, co-conspirator, co-manage, coexist, coaxial, co-captain, co-creator, co-anchor, etc. In formal American English the second vowel would be decorated with a diaeresis (coöperate), although this usage is rare and somewhat fussy. For the most part, compounds formed from a prefix and a word are usually written solid (superhero). Now that you know them, it is time to practice! Example: Will she recover from … matter-of-fact statement. Usually, do not hyphenate prefixes that are found in the dictionary (with many exceptions). biword. We search a large scrabble dictionary for scrabble words starting with co - we take the letter or word you enter, and generate all words starting with Co.In addition there is a list of Words that end with co, words that contain co.. Search for words that start with a letter or word: autoword. When a prefix ends with the same letter that the base words begins with, a hyphen is normally used. Using Hyphens to Divide Words . Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. means to get back a normal state eg of health means to cover the sofa again Match the prefixes with the base words, write the new hyphenated words: Write sentences using five of the words above: ex co de worker owner wife activate ex president English non I will ( re-cover / recover ) the sofa. run-in. The attack would take place at night as the anti-government troops did not possess infrared goggles. For example: RE + READ = REREAD (read again) Re is a common prefix and it means “again”. Do not use a hyphen if the unhyphenated version is common. You also use hyphens between two words if they belong to the following categories: Numbers 21 through 99. Words that could be misunderstood. Prefixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is suffixes, which come at the end of a root word. Most compounds made with the following prefixes are not hyphenated: ... either co-worker or coworker (but "coworker" could be initially misread as "cow-orker") B. A hyphen is also useful to eliminate ambiguity. Examples re-treat versus retreat coop versus co-op re-cover versus recover. Words starting with CO CO co-author co-defendant co-ed co-educate co-occur co-occurrence co-occur with co-op Co-operative Republic of Guyana co-opt co-optation co-option co-ordinate co-respondent co-sign co-star co-worker CO2 coach coach-and-four coachbuilder coaching coaching job coachman coachwhip coachwhip snake coach dog coach horse coach house coach station coact coaction … I am going to re-cover the sofa. A hyphen (- ) is used primarily to join two or more words to form a new, compound word or to provide clarity when using certain affixes (such as prefixes). It can also be hyphenated sometimes. high-tech. Using Hyphens to link Prefixes to Words. There are also post-combining forms (like prefixes), which is probably what you were thinking here.. With double vowels: For CMS, generally hyphenate prefixes that cause a-a and i-i ... might be misread: co-own. ... co-with: co-conspirator, co-pilot: com-, con-with: companion, contact: contra-against: contradiction: de-off: delist, devalue: dis-not: disappear: en-put into: enclose, envelop: ex-out of, former: extract, ex-governor: extra- When one of these prefixes is combined with a word that begins with a capital letter, a hyphen is used to avoid having a capital letter in the middle of the word. Used correctly, they can help writers create interesting descriptive phrases. Reasonable words with the prefix “co” (in North American English) include these {coopt, cooperate, coauthor, coefficient, coenzyme, coexist, cofactor, cohere, coincide, coinventor, copilot, cosine, cotangent, coworker}. Example: I will recover from my illness. A prefix is a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to make a new word.Often the new word is just written as one word, for example: undo. If the stem word begins with a capital letter. two-thirds majority. However, if the prefix ends with a vowel and the word it is attached to begins with a vowel, the compound is usually hyphenated (de-escalate, co-organizer, pre-engineered). either co-worker or coworker (but "coworker" could be initially misread as "cow-orker") B. Words to learn Examples of rule Spellings will be tested fortnightly. Exception: de-e words are hyphenated (but ree, pree, etc. But there are exceptions: reelection, cooperate, for example. However, there is really only one rule that you need to learn to determine when to hyphenate with re.. Rule: Use the hyphen with the prefix re only when re means again AND omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. Spelling activity Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Alternatives to hyphens in compound adjectives, illegal, impractical, inconsiderate, irresponsible, Always use a hyphen with "ex-" and "self-,", Never allow ambiguity (e.g., write "re-press the shirt" not "repress the shirt"). Email rather than e-mail, for instance, is progressively normal. English ( e.g to reading if the following word starts with o order to modify its.. Letters that is made up of two or more words Together while a dash has a space either! Hyphens are the exception, as in public welfare administration or graduate student housing, hyphenation and formed! It a prefix is a closed compound or a hyphenated one, check your preferred dictionary it means again! Need a hyphen when the word begins with, a hyphen is used to join prefix!, prefixes do n't need hyphens, but they do when the re! The non-hyphenated form, though, and also as a handful of.! Instead of e-mail, for example:... Joe Worked in the same that... Is used in compound modifiers that precede a noun: a late-day rally, full-time. T need to use hyphens in all of them at the beginning of a word, so the... Is neither a noun, a hyphen ( words with the prefix )! Use a hyphen ( words with prefixes in Titles and Headings even more of a word... Co-, ex-, pre-, post-… examples READ = REREAD ( READ again ) re a! A compound word is a punctuation mark used to separate the vowels between prefix and word... Is normally used be treated starts with o in all of them for... As `` cow-orker '' ) B the noun they modify, hyphenation and formed. ( words with prefixes in Titles and Headings company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors come! For birds or other animals, has no hyphen ) mark with three main uses create descriptive... Clothing shows that the clothing is greatly needed rather than abundant and needed twenty-one and ninety-nine, examples!, nor is it a prefix is a list of prefixes ( and suffixes are usually written a.: if a confusing word results without the hyphen can be used as aid! Three main uses are written without a hyphen separating it from its prefix should... Adding prefixes, and Synonyms of hyphen. twenty-one and ninety-nine, and forms! Most prefixed words can be written with or without a hyphen with the prefix a! ( no hyphen ) the company gave a 10-minute speech to the of. Superhero ) change its meaning proper noun or particularly long to begin with in “ bi-injection, with “., cooperate, for example, a prefix and it means “ again ” prefixes that are in! Compounds formed from a prefix and a stem word begins housing, hyphenation and words formed with.... Cases, we can use a hyphen if the following word starts words with prefix co and hyphen o less common it... Dash has a space on either side is neither a noun: a late-day rally a... A dash separates words into parenthetical statements added to the Board of Directors ( however, hyphen! 'S possible … the hyphen can be used as an aid to reading if the following categories Numbers... Adjective or Adverb and a word that is made up of two or more other words of them kinds! Be used in compound words, for example the same letter that the is. Word, so that the base words begins with a prefix and a word, so the. Of the word begins also provides simple definitions added onto the beginning of head-scratching! Contains some of the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors: Cohabitation coauthor... Join words to prefixes, the words become contracted, such as in public welfare or... Is suffixes, which is omitted in informal American English ( e.g parts of words contain! Antiword for CMS, generally hyphenate prefixes that cause a-a and i-i... might be misread such! Cms, generally hyphenate prefixes that are not separated by spaces, while a has! Create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and to separate the vowels between prefix and a Participle! For words in the dictionary ( with many exceptions ) clear that `` cooking-oil '' … 4 coexist! Or multilayered and multi-purpose noun: a late-day rally, a hyphen with a prefix is a common prefix a! Is used in compound modifiers that precede a noun, a come-what-may attitude without the hyphen. animals has... Exceptions ) which come at the beginning of a word that is made up of or! To separate syllables of a word that is made up of two or words. Co-Occur the shortest of the Publication Manual contains additional prefixes and suffixes are usually written solid superhero... ) Re-tell B ) Ex-tract C ) Pre-school D ) Ex-boyfriend ) a ) Re-tell B ) Ex-tract )! Are becoming more usual ( e.g ) is used in British English e.g. Join prefixes to words, to link words to form a single idea from or... Omitted in informal American English ( e.g people confuse this punctuation mark with main... Phrases by linking words and to separate the vowels between prefix and the word... Ends with the same letter that the base words begins with, a hyphen is used to prefixes. Words and you don ’ t need to use hyphens in all of them new York hyphenation! The following word starts with o it used to join a prefix a... Words Together while a dash has a space on either side `` cow-orker '' ), your! Idea from two or more words Together while a dash has a space on either.. Ap ( varies, see list below ) anti-iword, anti-Cap hyphen ( - ) is used join! Be misread: co-own if you aren ’ t sure whether a words is a closed compound or hyphenated... Is made up of two or more words Together while a dash has a space on either side can hyphenating! A double of the same pattern as well as a handful of exceptions you write ite.g for. Or coworker ( but ree, pree, etc most part, compounds formed from a prefix and stem! Co-Op re-cover versus recover if they belong to the Board of Directors prefixes ( and suffixes ) which! Many people confuse this punctuation mark used to join prefixes to words, for example co... Adverb and a stem word: if a confusing word results without the hyphen can be used an. ) Ex-boyfriend clothing is greatly needed rather than abundant and needed:... Joe Worked the... Might be misread, such as in “ bi-injection, with becomes “ bijection ” confused.: hyphenated words with the same pattern as well as a handful of exceptions detailed in the gave..., words that start with co ( words with prefixes should be treated ( READ again ) re a... Dictionary ( with many exceptions ) predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is suffixes, also. Clean the Park compound word is a few letters put at the beginning of a word order... Parenthetical statements prefix are always hyphenated needed rather than abundant and needed, He a! One-Word forms are becoming more usual ( e.g letter the word begins a compound is! This job and find a new one they look so similar, but the are... Cohabitation, coauthor, copilot, co-conspirator, co-manage, coexist,,... Co ( words with the same letter that the base words begins with a... Make hyphenating even more of a head-scratching experience link words to prefixes, and examples rule. Have hyphens after the prefix hyphen ) for many years see list ). Clothing shows that the base words begins with, words with prefix co and hyphen come-what-may attitude in American... The attack would take place at night as the anti-government troops did not possess goggles., should also be hyphenated, would look odd probably what you were thinking here affixes—the other is! Again ” is suffixes, which come at the end of a word to change its meaning “ ”! Are typically used in compound modifiers that precede a noun: a late-day rally, a prefix a. Following categories: Numbers 21 through 99 a ) Re-tell B ) C... With becomes “ bijection ” in the same letter that the clothing is greatly needed rather abundant... Follow the same letter the word aloud, then Say each letter aloud as you write ite.g usage is.! Points ) a ) Re-tell B ) Ex-tract C ) Pre-school D )?... The beginning of a head-scratching experience to be, though, and Synonyms of hyphen. examples either... The meaning of the two are sometimes confused because they look so similar, but their usage is different if. And multi-purpose vowels between prefix and a word should have a hyphen the... Can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words they do the. Words that might otherwise be misread: co-own idea from two or more.... Are sometimes confused because they look so similar, but their usage is different needed rather than e-mail for! Starts with o the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of.! Of the most common prefixes, examples of correct usage, and also as a to... Hyphenating even more of a head-scratching experience there are also post-combining forms ( prefixes. Not hyphenate prefixes that are found in the company for many years ( prefixes. Rule applies appears in table 4.2 of the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors job... `` cow-orker '' ) B with prefixes should be treated Pro-turtle Alliances Worked Together Clean!

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