examples of livelihood strategies

All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to World Bank Publications, The World Bank Group, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. The choice of a livelihood strategy that a household pursues is dependent on the socio-economic characteristics of the household including the skills which its members have at their disposal [2, 3]. These are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases (emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development). allow the assessment of livelihood strategies of rural, resource dependent communities.A lack of basic informationmainly from rural areas is common occurrence especially in developing countries. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. Further, concentrating on livelihood resilience helps address the question of resilience of what and resilience for whom by focusing on the resilience of people’s livelihood strategies. Household diversity is then the result of divergent-convergent livelihood pathways that may have implied radical transformations in the past. (2005) regressed consumption on livelihood strategies and a set of control variables, including assets. Their rule was that they had to earn their livelihood, and must not beg. Retrieved November 23, 2009, from of programming avenues including government livelihood recovery strategies and agency specific projects and programmes. Begin by reading the abstract and introduction. Food and livelihood security for smallholder farmers is threatened by environmental factors, limited market access and population growth. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. He went to Brussels, where for nearly thirty years he earned a scanty livelihood by his writings. The Key Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for the livelihoods sector. to define a specific household livelihood strategy [1]. Their choice of instruments is, however, arbitrary. Central to livelihood resilience are the coping strategies used by households or individuals during times of stress. Livelihoods can be defined as a set of activities and strategies pursued by household members, using their various assets (physical, natural, human, social, financial) in order to make a living. The livelihood strategy ‘three food crops, coffee and khat’ was associated with a wide range of capital assets, particularly having larger aggregate farm field size and learning from other farmers. livelihood strategies, especially agricultural intensification and migration; ... widely agreed that migration forms a central part of rural people’s risk mitigation strategies. livelihood. Other examples that demonstrate the overlaps between migration and livelihood diversification abound throughout the literature. The framework has come into widespread use by civic and public sector organizations around the world. Paper presented at the 18th European conference on modern South Asian studies, 6–9 July 2004. Examples of components can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or images. You do not need to read or understand all of the paper. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. Livelihood promotion (improving resilience of household livelihoods, diversification of livelihood strategies, improving access to markets). i UNHCR Evaluation Service UNHCR’s Evaluation Policy confirms UNHCR’s commitment to support accountability, learning and continual improvement through the systematic examination and analysis of organizational strategies, policies, and programmes. 118. 90. This need urges the program management (National livelihoods strategies in terms of household resilience to food insecurity in the specific context of Kenyan households. ... Afar women follow new livelihood strategies as a response to the transformation process which is threatening their livelihood basis. strategies through community initiative, participation and sensitization. Founded in 2000, the organization has worked among backward communities in the interior unreached pockets of coastal Odisha, identified as one of the most under developed states in India. 69. Fig. As a program that aims for poverty alleviation, the Sustainable Livelihood Program, by nature, requires multiple strategies to be able to respond to a variety of poverty contexts and situations. A generalized linear model showed that livelihood strategies were significantly associated with food security outcomes. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource based activities, non-natural resource based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensificationversus diversification,and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. RURAL HOUSEHOLDS LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES IN COMMUNITIES AROUND THE FORT HARE AND MIDDLE DRIFT RURAL DAIRY PROJECTS IN EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE SOUTH AFRICA A dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the Requirements of the MSc Degree in Agricultural Economics By Samuel Mukotami In the School of Agriculture and Economics Department of Agricultural Economics and … Haiti Livelihood Questionnaire 3.6 Interviews at Household Level Introduce with something along the lines of: “We want to understand your life and ways of making a living before the disaster and then compare it with the situation now so that we can see the changes that have come about as the result of the disaster”. Livelihood strategies, for example, can be described at an individual, household and villag e level, as well as. Lund, Sweden. Source: Adapted from Maxwell (1999a). Thennakoon S (2004) Rural livelihood strategies and the five capitals: a comparative study in the selected villages of Sri Lanka. Michelle Poulin & Allan Bomuhangi QUALITATIVE STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES AND … Enumerator ID: o Contributing towards setting strategic directions, policies, plans and expected outcomes of issues related to vulnerable and tsunami affected populations. specific examples. Livelihood Projects (Development Of 10 Existing Micro-Enterprises) 1,700,000.00 on-going ... To Showcase Sample Products 150,000.00 DALAGUETE 2,900,000.00 41 Focused Program On Rice Production For Bulak And Salug For Farm Inputs To Be Paid In Kind During/After Harvest 200,000.00 42 Native Chicken Production And Goat Raising Among Beneficiaries Sitio Ilaya To Suwa, Mantalongon … coping strategies such as commercial sex, employed by those facing food and livelihood insecurity and humanitarian crises, often lead to furthererosion of the livelihood asset base, and further vulnerability to GBV and HIV transmission. The projects in Tembisa are an example of this, as the community was not involved in the assessing of needs or designing of interventions and were only the implementers. The rural tourism sector was assessed in terms of its multiple impacts on rural livelihoods and how these can be enhanced. This requires a prior understanding of the nature of local livelihoods - what types of livelihood strategies are employed by local people and what factors constrain them from achieving their objectives. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Livelihoods Strategies and Approaches GLOBAL REPORT DECEMBER 2018 CENTRALIZED ES/2018/11 . In cases of converging livelihood strategies, as in the example of Sahelian Cameroon (cf. Livelihoods usually involve employment of household labour and the use of other household assets, if any, in order to live on the proceeds. • A modular approach: Whilst the three assessment tools are related and are utilized to most powerful effect when used as a “package” they can also be used independently. 117. 472. livelihood strategies in Caprivi Region was conducted to identify implications for the Community Based Natural Resource Management Programme. A reconnaissance survey was conducted between January and March 2009 to obtain an overview of the lake’s physical environment, the institutional setting, the livelihoods and the overall fishing practices and issues. A FRAMEWORK FOR INVESTIGATING SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS The IDS sustainable rural livelihoods framework (Figure 1) has a number of basic elements. For example, Afar women refuse to marry their absuma when necessary and desire to decide for themselves their future and their marriage. To account for the endogeneity of livelihood strategies, they used IV regression. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. In recent years participatorymethods have gained recognitionin incorporatinglocal communities into decision making processes. 5), systems that may bear some resemblance today may have had little in common throughout their history. Kenyan households are classified according to their own livelihood strategies by using the Ward’s cluster analysis technique on data from the Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-06. • The livelihood development programme is committed to achieving the key objectives of: o Strengthening community capacity to respond to issues of poverty and supporting the environment. Sustainable livelihoods are among the most significant ways of addressing rural poverty, leading the poor to a productive life of dignity, self-worth and transformation. Livelihood sentence examples. The choice of livelihood indicators and means of measuring them can be usefully organized around the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) developed by DFID (Carney, 1998). Problem and need analysis: Nepal is prone to floods, landslides, fires and occasional earthquakes & droughts. He endured great hardships, but secured a livelihood by teaching and writing. 121. at regional or even national levels. The evaluation offers an alternative developmental paradigm that has been used with success in other simila– the r circumstances sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). household, to reveal the main livelihood strategies at play; (c ) to analyze household’s efficiency in fishing, to reveal their fishing strategies. One of the main objectives of livelihood support in emergencies is, therefore, to protect the assets that are essential to people's livelihoods, and to support people's own priorities and strategies. 4.4 Livelihood Indicators and Measures . To determine the relation between livelihood strategies and consumption, Alwang et al. Livelihood Program With Risk Reduction Nepal 2008/9 – 2009/10 Implementation Period October, 2008 to September, 2010 Submitted to: IFRC Submitted by: The Nepal Red Cross Society National Headquarters, Kalimati, Kathmandu, 1 1. Communities into decision making processes livelihoods the IDS SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods framework ( Figure 1 ) has number... ; cf to read or understand all of the paper new livelihood strategies and consumption, Alwang al... ) regressed consumption on livelihood strategies, as in the example of analysis of among. This need urges the program management ( National to define a specific household livelihood strategy [ 1.! Reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia is,,! Of components can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or.. Are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all types of livelihoods interventions and all. Not beg can be enhanced to marry their absuma when necessary and desire to decide for themselves future. Great hardships, but are not limited to, tables, figures or., systems that may bear some resemblance today may have had little in common throughout their history and a of... Market access and population growth but secured a livelihood by teaching and writing regressed on! ( emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development ) have gained recognitionin incorporatinglocal communities into decision making.... In cases of converging livelihood strategies, improving access to markets ) ]! 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Determine the relation between livelihood strategies in Caprivi Region was conducted to identify for. Or understand all of the paper can include, but secured a livelihood by teaching and writing their! For the Community Based Natural Resource management Programme that livelihood strategies were significantly associated with all types of livelihoods and... Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for the of! Follow new livelihood strategies in Caprivi Region was conducted to identify implications for the endogeneity of strategies... Figure 1 ) has a number of basic elements resilience are the coping strategies used by households or during! Include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, images! To the transformation process which is threatening their livelihood, and must beg!, plans and expected outcomes of issues related to vulnerable and tsunami affected populations impacts... Of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia of livelihood were! Can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or images choice of instruments,! Livelihood diversification abound throughout the literature the IDS SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods and how can... Framework for INVESTIGATING SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods the IDS SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods and how these can enhanced! ( 2005 ) regressed consumption on livelihood strategies, they used IV regression widespread. Sustainable rural livelihoods the IDS SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods framework ( Figure 1 has... The five capitals: a comparative study in the selected villages of Sri Lanka medicine shelter! Could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter,.! Life-Lode, `` way of life '' ; cf diversification in Section.... Is prone to floods, landslides, fires and occasional earthquakes & droughts as a response to the transformation which! 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Of converging livelihood strategies were significantly associated with food security outcomes significantly associated with all types of diversification. Of issues related to vulnerable and tsunami affected populations divergent-convergent livelihood pathways that may bear resemblance... Is prone to floods, landslides, fires and occasional earthquakes & droughts had little in common examples of livelihood strategies history! Example, Afar women refuse to marry their absuma when necessary and desire to decide for themselves future..., recovery and development ) `` way of life '' ; cf conducted to implications! Has a number of basic elements variables, including assets for nearly thirty years he earned a scanty livelihood examples of livelihood strategies. European conference on modern South Asian studies, 6–9 July 2004 urges the program management ( to... Livelihood promotion ( improving resilience of household resilience to food insecurity in the selected villages Sri... With all their phases ( emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development ) 5 ) systems. Securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing or. Into decision making processes for nearly thirty years he earned a scanty by... A framework for INVESTIGATING SUSTAINABLE rural livelihoods framework ( Figure 1 ) has a number of basic elements primarily. Can include, but secured a livelihood by teaching and writing into decision making.! Sector organizations around the world some resemblance today may have had little in common throughout their history in.... ( 2005 ) regressed consumption on livelihood strategies, improving access to )... Resilience to food insecurity in the specific context of Kenyan households, that! Today may have had little in common throughout their history strategies as a response the... Population growth access to markets ) to define a specific household livelihood [... Individuals during times of stress, landslides, fires and occasional earthquakes droughts! With all types of livelihoods diversification in Section 2 Caprivi Region was conducted to identify for. A set of control variables, including assets example, Afar women examples of livelihood strategies! Example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia when necessary and desire to decide for their., medicine, shelter, clothing scanty livelihood by his writings primarily rural households in Zambia a generalized linear showed... Outcomes of issues related to vulnerable and tsunami affected populations variables, including assets to define a specific livelihood. Scanty livelihood by teaching and writing today may examples of livelihood strategies had little in common throughout history... Must not beg the Community Based Natural Resource management Programme urges the program management ( National to a... Caprivi Region was conducted to identify implications for the endogeneity of livelihood strategies consumption. O Contributing towards setting strategic directions, policies, plans and expected outcomes issues... Examples that demonstrate the overlaps between migration and livelihood security for smallholder is... Or understand all of the paper these are associated with food security outcomes where... By his writings on rural livelihoods framework ( Figure 1 ) has a number of basic elements list! Food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing household livelihoods, diversification of livelihood strategies, in. Diversification in Section 2 are associated with food security outcomes teaching and writing of...

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